V.E439

Photographing 2-D & 3-D Art

Photographing 2-D & 3-D Art

This assessment can be used in programs that teach students how to take high quality photography of their work for entering exhibitions, for web display, for personal portfolios, and for college entrance and scholarship portfolios.

Students will demonstrate the ability to shoot, process, and select portfolio-quality photographs of their works of art. In a single class period, they will photograph one of their works, bracketing the exposures or otherwise taking three different photos of a single two-dimensional (2-D) or three-dimensional (3-D) work. They will then select the best of the three photos, adjust exposure, focus, contrast, and cropping as needed, and present both the three originals and the final processed photo for scoring.

This assessment can be done one student at a time if needed, depending on available facilities, over the course of the semester; it would be used most effectively during the last half of the second semester of a full-year class or when students have sufficient quality work available to document.

This item has not been field-tested by Michigan teachers.


This is an analytic rubric. The column on the left shows the dimension that is being measured in the student’s performance. The levels across the top row indicate the performance level in the dimensions. Occasionally all dimensions and performance levels are exemplified by multiple students in a single recording.

Teacher Scoring Rubric

  • Dimension
  • Photography

    Unaltered Originals

  • Lighting

    Unaltered Originals

  • Final Image

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • Three or fewer unaltered images show little or no variation and/or are out of focus or very distorted due to camera placement.

    N/A at this time.
  • Three exposures are random, do not show a clear progression of bracketed brightness, and/or are slightly out of focus or clearly distorted due to camera placement.

    N/A at this time.
  • Three bracketed exposures are in an overly wide range with at least one usable image; all are clearly focused, with minimal distortion of shape due to camera placement.

    N/A at this time.
  • Three closely bracketed exposures are in a limited and usable range; all are clearly focused, with no distortion of shape due to camera placement.

    N/A at this time.
  • Images show major flaws in lighting: large areas too bright or too dark, obscuring or omitting detail, shape, form, or texture; 3-D images look flatly lit and/or lack depth of field for full focus.

    N/A at this time.
  • Exposures show significant poorly lit areas or distracting contrast; 3-D images lack full sense of form and focus/depth of field.

    N/A at this time.
  • 2-D images are mostly evenly lit with very minor variations in brightness; 3-D images may have small areas that lack clarity in bright or shadow areas.

    N/A at this time.
  • 2-D images are clearly and evenly lit; 3-D images are well lit to fully show form, texture, and detail.

    N/A at this time.
  • Major flaws in focus, brightness, color, or other issues create distracting or unclear areas; image is clearly less than professional and not appropriate for use in a strong portfolio.

    N/A at this time.
  • Accurate shape, color, detail, form, and texture are over the whole image; ground areas may have minor areas of inappropriate shadow and/or minor focus flaws.

    N/A at this time.
  • Accurate and sharply focused shape, color, detail, form and texture are over the whole image; ground areas may have very minor areas of inappropriate shadow or light.

    N/A at this time.
  • Accurate and sharply focused shape, color, detail, form and texture are over the whole image with neutral flat, ground; there are no distracting shadows.

    N/A at this time.
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